Thursday, July 02, 2015

quantum cryptography

In quantum cryptography, encoding entangled photons with particular spin states is a technique that ensures data transmitted over fiber networks arrives at its destination without being intercepted or changed. However, as each entangled pair is usually only capable of being encoded with one state (generally the direction of its polarization), the amount of data carried is limited to just one quantum bit per photon. To address this limitation, researchers have now devised a way to "hyperentangle" photons that they say can increase the amount of data carried by a photon pair by as much as 32 times.
In this research, a team led by engineers from UCLA has verified that it is possible to break up and entangle photon pairs into many dimensions using properties such as the photons' energy and spin, with each extra dimension doubling the photons' data carrying capacity. Using this technique, known as "hyperentanglement", each photon pair is able to be programmed with far more data than was previously possible with standard quantum encoding methods.
To achieve this, the researchers transmitted hyperentangled photons in the form of a biphoton frequency comb (essentially a series of individual, equidistantly-arranged frequencies) that divided up the entangled photons into smaller parts. An extension of the technique of wavelength-division multiplexing (the process used to simultaneously transmit things such as multiple video signals over a single optical fiber), the biphoton frequency comb demonstrates the useful applications of such methods not just at macro levels, but quantum ones as well.
"We show that an optical frequency comb can be generated at single photon level,” said Zhenda Xie, an associate professor of electrical engineering at UCLA and research scientist on the project. "Essentially, we’re leveraging wavelength division multiplexing concepts at the quantum level."
Working on previous theories mooted by Professor Jeff Shapiro of MIT on the possibilities of quantum entanglement being utilized in the formation of comb-like properties of light, it is only with recent adaptations of ultrafast photon detectors and the advancement of the various supporting technologies required to generate hyperentanglement that such hypotheses could be physically tested.
"We are fortunate to verify a decades-old theoretical prediction by Professor Jeff Shapiro of MIT, that quantum entanglement can be observed in a comb-like state," said Chee Wei Wong, a UCLA associate professor of electrical engineering who was the research project’s principal investigator. "With the help of state-of-the-art high-speed single photon detectors at NIST and support from Dr. Franco Wong, Dr. Xie was able to verify the high-dimensional and multi-degrees-of-freedom entanglement of photons. These observations demonstrate a new fundamentally secure approach for dense information processing and communications."
If this research can be successfully and continuously replicated, quantum encoding will no longer be bound to the limitations of a single quantum bit (qubit). Rather, quantum hyperentanglement research can now move into the realm of the qudit (a unit of quantum information encoded in any number of d states, where d is a variable),where the quantum-encoded information able to be transmitted can theoretically be increased manifold times by simultaneously encoding energy levels, spin states and other parameters inherent in the quantum attributes of a photon.
Aside from the usual applications in secure communication and information processing, and high-capacity, minimal error data transfer, the team believes that a raft of other technologies could benefit from this breakthrough. The enormously data-intensive needs of medical computer servers, government information transfer, financial data, ultra-secure military communications channels, distributed quantum computing, and quantum cloud communications are just a few of the areas the researchers say may usefully employ this new method.
Engineers at UCLA were the research project’s principal investigators, with assistance provided from researchers at MIT, Columbia University, the University of Maryland, and the National Institute of Standards and Technology.

Wednesday, July 01, 2015

You can sue oil companies in Oklahoma for earthquake damages

An Oklahoma woman who was injured when an earthquake rocked her home in 2011 can sue oil companies for damages, the state's highest court ruled on Tuesday, opening the door to other potential lawsuits against the state's energy companies.
Oklahoma has experienced a dramatic spike in earthquakes in the last five years, and researchers have blamed the oil and gas industry's practice of injecting massive volumes of saltwater left over from drilling.
The state saw nearly 600 quakes of magnitude 3.0 or greater in 2014, compared to just one or two per year prior to 2009, according to the Oklahoma Geological Survey.
Oil production in Oklahoma has doubled in the last seven years, in part because drillers can dispose of vast amounts of saltwater found in oil and gas formations relatively cheaply by injecting it back into the ground.
That practice is separate from hydraulic fracturing or fracking, which has been linked to some smaller quakes but is not believed to be causing Oklahoma's tremors.Wx234Et#
Oklahoma, home to major energy companies including Chesapeake Energy Corp., Devon Energy Corp., and Sandridge Energy Inc., has already tightened regulations on injection wells. The state is considering tougher rules, and lawsuits would further boost costs for energy companies.

Other potential suits

Falling rocks injured Sandra Ladra's legs when a 5.0 magnitude quake — the most intense in the state's history — toppled her chimney in 2011. She has sued two Oklahoma oil companies, New Dominion LLC and Spess Oil Company, which operate injection wells near her home in Prague, Okla.
A lower court ruled that the case had to go before the Oklahoma Corporation Commission, the regulator overseeing oil and gas, and dismissed Ladra's case in 2014.
On Tuesday, the Oklahoma Supreme Court reversed that decision, ruling that the commission's authority does not extend to the power to "afford a remedy" to those harmed by the violation of its regulations. The case will return to district court to decide whether Ladra should be granted any damages.
Ladra's lawyer, Arkansas-based Scott Poynter, told Reuters he can now move forward on several other potential suits from Oklahoma residents seeking compensation from energy companies for damages resulting from earthquakes.
Attorneys for New Dominion and Spess did not immediately respond to requests for comment.
Industry advocates on Tuesday downplayed the significance of the court's ruling, and cast doubt on whether Ladra and her attorneys could prove specific wells were responsible for the earthquake that caused her injuries.
Researchers say more work needs to be done to determine the exact mechanism of the link between underground injection and earthquakes, and whether location, volume, pressure, or other factors are the most significant.

Fracking under fire in Canada

Players in the Canadian oil and gas industry, especially those with fracking operations, are similarly coming under increasing scrutiny for both the connection to an increase in earthquakes and the alleged contamination of groundwater reserves.
Increased seismic activity throughout the natural-gas rich regions has been definitively linked to natural gas development, particularly to fracking. British Columbia's oil and gas commission recently tied 231 seismic events in the province's northeast to nearby fracking projects, for example.
That being said, no damage to infrastructure caused by fracking-related quakes has ever been recorded in Canada. Generally only earthquakes of at least magnitude 6.0 pose a significant structural threat to buildings. While B.C. and Alberta have recorded tremors of magnitude 4.4, no event of magnitude 6.0 or higher has ever been linked to fracking anywhere in the world. 
As fracking projects continue in Canada, however, there will likely be legal challenges from residents and environmental groups who oppose the practice. 
In April, the Supreme Court of Canada ruled it would hear the case of an Alberta woman who claims fracking operations have so badly contaminated her well that the water can be set on fire. 
Jessica Ernst first took legal action against energy giant Encana in 2007 and later amended her claim to include Alberta Environment. A lower court ruled the provincial regulator was exempt from the suit, but Ernst and her legal team appealed the decision. 
The Supreme Court will decide if Alberta Environment can be included in Ernst's suit. 
Ernst says that fracking on her land northeast of Calgary has resulted incontamination of her well water and that her concerns were not properly investigated by the company and the province. 
It's not clear when the top court will hear the case. 

Friday, June 26, 2015

WinRAR compression

WinRAR compression utility tool at eComTechnology

WinRaR is your 100% answer to all of your file compression needs. Whether you want to unpack (unzip), or create your own archived and compressed files, WinRar is the only program you'll need. Very intuitive and easy to use makes this free program for compressed files the one to have.
Multi-user licenses and languages Government and educational institutions discounts available Purchase WinRAR at eComTechnology today.
WinRAR offers you a very intuitive graphic interface for packing and unpacking all the different compressed files used on the Internet today.  With WinRAR you can not only create your own compressed files but also encrypt them. The special wizard mode guides you along the way through a simple question and answer session.
RAR files are one of the most popular compressed file forms on the Internet today. There will be many times throughout your computer experience when you'll need a compression utility to either unpack or more widely said (unzip) files that you download. With WinRAR, it makes that job super easy, likewise if you need to compress some files.
With WinRAR, you get complete support for your RAR and ZIP archives along with the ability to unpack CAB, ARJ, LZH, TAR, GZ, ACE, UUE, BZ2, JAR, ISO, 7z, and Z archives. This gives you the most extensive tool to unpack just about any archive you so desire. Super easy to use with help documentation available if you need it.
… is ideal for multimedia files. WinRAR automatically recognizes and selects the best compression method. The special compression algorithm compresses multimedia files, executables and object libraries particularly well…. is also ideal, if you are sending data through the web. Its 128 bit password encryption and its authenticity signature technology will give you peace of mind you are looking for.

WinRAR 4.2, 32 bit, 64 bit.

Buy WinRAR today at eComTechnology
WinRAR compression at eComTechnology
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Thursday, June 25, 2015

Wireless links formed partly by lasers may offer a faster

Wireless links formed partly by lasers may offer a faster, cheaper way to improve mobile Internet. Laser-radio technology by AOptix is a new wireless technology that provides a solution to some of the problems that fiber optic cables present. Originally designed for the Pentagon to steer laser beams to keep data moving between drones, ground stations, and fighter jets, this technology offers the same benefits of high quality, fast Internet connection that is found with fiber optic cables. However, Laser-radio is a more cost-effective solution compared to fiber optic and offers solutions to problems that fiber-optic presents.
So how does it work? Laser-radio uses a combination of laser and radio waves to bring the Internet anywhere – the first technology of its kind to do so. The use of laser links and radio links compensate for the weaknesses in both; lasers don't work in foggy weather, while radio waves are affected by rain. Unlike fiber optic, this combination adds redundancy and ensures that transmission works in any weather condition.
As many wireless carriers are scrambling to install fiber to replace copper cables that still link up approximately half of all cellular towers – a process that has been slow and expensive, this is an attractive solution.

Before the end of 2015, Anova Technologies, a networking company that specializes in the financial industry, will use AOptix technology in New Jersey to shave nanoseconds off the time it takes data to travel between the computers of Nasdaq Stock Market and the New York Stock Exchange. AOptix currently has deployments in seven countries across four continents, and is a leading provider of Mobile Backhaul and Low-Latency Private Network connectivity.

Wednesday, June 24, 2015

Payment processing solutions

Dear Business Owner,
I’m a business consultant that specializes in payment processing. My ONLY job is to find the right merchant processor for different types of merchants in different circumstances.
For example, I have several small business clients that have yearly credit card processing of less than $300,000 a year. These companies switched to a fantastic merchant processor that only charges a small monthly fee of $50 and $0.09 per transaction. This merchant process has been saving my clients an average of $3,500 a YEAR in processing fees!
My services are COMPLETELY 100% FREE to your business. I get paid by the Merchant Processors that you might choose to work with.
I would love to have a conversation with you and go over the following points:

  1.   Do you work with a merchant Processor yet?
  2. If so, who are you currently using?
  3. If you are using your average bank’s merchant processor, I can almost GUARANTEE, that I will save you money.
  4. The average Bank’s processing fees are 3 times higher than other options on the market.
  5. How much are you paying per transaction?
  6. If you are paying more than $0.09 plus the standard “Interchange Fee” then you are paying WAY too much.
  7. If you don’t know how much you are paying, don’t feel bad, that is what I am here for! Just call me and I will show you how to figure it out.
  8. What “Credit Cards” does your business currently accept?
  9. Are you accepting Amex, Visa, MasterCard, Discover?
  10. How much money do you collect per month/year though credit cards?
  11. Are you paying for your POS?
  12. I can put you in touch with merchant processors that will give you a free Mobile POS and a Mobile Card Reader as well that works with your cell phone.
Please let me know what time works for you and we can go over your business’s Credit Card Processing requirements.
Robert Richardson
Payment Processing Solution of internet merchants

Tuesday, June 23, 2015

pdvWireless Officially Launches DispatchPlus in Houston

pdvWireless Officially Launches DispatchPlus in Houston

Dallas, Atlanta and Philadelphia Next

WOODLAND PARK, N.J., June 22, 2015 – Pacific DataVision, Inc. d/b/a pdvWireless (NASDAQ:PDVW) announced today that its state-of-the-art, two-way radio solution, DispatchPlus, is now commercially available in the Houston market from authorized dealers.

DispatchPlus is a next-generation push-to-talk solution utilizing state-of-the-art digital two-way radio technology. The solution is integrated with pdvWireless’ proprietary cloud-based mobile resource management solutions including workforce tracking, status mapping and the Company’s patented intelligent call prioritization. DispatchPlus enables communications to be sent simultaneously to one or many recipients, whether the recipient is on pdvWireless’ two-way service, a cellphone or at any email address.

“We are excited to be bringing DispatchPlus to the Houston market and are pleased to report that testing of the network has exceeded our expectations in terms of performance and coverage. Further, for one low monthly price, our service includes not only wide-area push-to-talk but also our cloud-based business solutions. We believe this combination gives us a significant competitive advantage when compared to other commercial two-way radio solutions available in the marketplace,” said John C. Pescatore, Chief Executive Officer of pdvWireless. “By combining high quality, unlimited access to push-to-talk with DispatchPlus’ features and ease of use, customers can achieve substantial benefits and cost-savings, such as increased operational efficiencies and improved productivity.”

Houston is the first market where pdvWireless is commercially offering its DispatchPlus service and, as previously announced, it expects to have three additional markets with sites in service by June 30, 2015. Those markets are expected to be Dallas, Atlanta and Philadelphia. Providing commercial service in Houston is an important milestone in achieving the Company’s goal of becoming the nation’s leading private wireless carrier dedicated to serving dispatch-centric businesses and critical infrastructure companies.

Businesses in Houston interested in DispatchPlus can call 888-828-0738 or email for more information and the location of a local authorized DispatchPlus dealer.
# # #

About Pacific DataVision d/b/a pdvWireless
Pacific DataVision d/b/a pdvWireless (NASDAQ: PDVW) is a recognized leader in mobile workforce communications and location based solutions that increase the productivity of field-based workers and the efficiency of their dispatch and call center operations. pdvWireless will also be launching the largest private push-to-talk network in major markets throughout the United States. Its patented and industry-validated technology improves team communication and field documentation across a wide array of industries including transportation, distribution, construction, hospitality, waste management and field service. pdvWireless’ Chairman, Brian McAuley and Vice Chairman, Morgan O’Brien, were co-founders of Nextel Communications and have over 60 years of experience in two-way radio operations and FCC regulatory matters.
During the past year the Company’s accomplishments include:
  • Raising approximately $300 million from sales of its common stock to enable the company to pursue its business plan.
  • Acquiring spectrum licenses in the 900 MHz band throughout the United States.
  • Beginning the process of building out its dispatch network.
  • Together with the Enterprise Wireless Alliance, filing a Joint Petition for Rulemaking with the FCC proposing a realignment of a portion of the 900MHz spectrum from narrowband to broadband.
  • Becoming a public reporting company and listing its common stock for trading on The NASDAQ Capital Market under the symbol “PDVW.”
pdvWireless is headquartered in Woodland Park New Jersey. Visit for more information.

Sunday, June 21, 2015

craft beer industry may be a hotbed of innovation

The craft beer industry may be a hotbed of innovation, but one beer continues to reign supreme above them all in an annual poll among homebrewers.
For the seventh year in row, Russian River Brewing Co.'s Pliny The Elder has taken the top spot in Zymurgy magazine's vote of best commercial beers. Pliny the Elder is a Double IPA with alcohol by volume of 8 percent.
"I say it every year, but we really are honored and humbled. There are so many great beers out there," Vinnie Cilurzo, co-founder and brewmaster of Russian River, told the American Homebrewer's Association, which publishers the magazine.
Zymurgy asked AHA members to vote for up to 20 of their favorite beers among any commercial beer available for sale in the Unites States. More than 19,000 votes were received for almost 6,000 different beers and from 1,763 breweries in the online poll.
While Russian River continued to rule in the top spot, Michigan-based Bell's Brewery was the only brewery to place two beers in the top 10: Two Hearted Ale at No. 2 and Hopslam Ale at No. 7.
Though much of the top 10 stayed the same as in 2014, Three Floyds Brewing Co.'s Zombie Dust (No. 8) and Firestone Walker Brewing Co.'s Wookey Jack (No. 10) were new entrants to the top 10 this year. 
The top-ranked beers are:
  1. Russian River Pliny the Elder
  2. Bell's Two Hearted Ale
  3. Ballast Point Sculpin IPA
  4. Stone Enjoy By IPA
  5. Founders Breakfast Stout
  6. The Alchemist Heady Topper
  7. Bell's Hopslam Ale
  8. Three Floyds Zombie Dust
  9. Dogfish Head 90 Minute IPA
  10. Firestone Walker Wookey Jack

Saturday, June 20, 2015

Last year, Singapore passed a law amending its Companies Act

Last year, Singapore passed a law amending its Companies Act, the changes of which are being implemented in two phases. The first phase comes into effect next month, on July 1st. Many of the changes relax or liberalise existing rules, with several of the changes affecting a large number of our clients.
This post covers the legal updates most likely to affect businesses in Singapore so that our readers can prepare for changes to the Companies Act.

Audit exemption criteria

What’s changing?
Fewer private companies will now require audits, and having a corporate shareholder no longer creates an automatic obligation to produce audited accounts.
What does the new law say?
If, for the past two financial years, the company (and any group of which it is a part) meets two of the prescribed criteria, no audit is required. Those criteria are: i) turnover of less than S$10,000,000 ii) total assets of less than S$10,000,000 and iii) 50 or fewer employees.
Whom does it affect?
In addition to subsidiaries of small groups who no longer require audits simply for having a corporate shareholder, companies with revenue of more than S$5,000,000 and less than S$10,000,000 will be lifted out of audit requirements.

No par value shares

What’s changing?
Singaporean companies now have no minimum value for shares. While previously companies needed to set a “par value”, meaning a threshold below which value a company could not issue or sell new shares, companies are now permitted to issue shares at any value they choose.
What does the new law say?
Singaporean companies with share capital can now issue shares for no consideration (payment). The shareholders receiving these shares therefore obtain limited liability without risking any capital. The caveat here is that the company’s articles of association must allow for no par value shares.
Whom does it affect?
Any Singaporean company whose articles of association allow for shares with no par value can take advantage of this. This means that new companies can be incorporated from July 1st with $0 of share capital, while existing companies will need to amend their articles of association to permit this.

Group financial years

What’s changing?
Parent and subsidiary companies no longer require the same financial year.
What does the new law say?
Nobody, including the company secretary, needs to be present at a company’s registered address during business hours as long as they remain contactable by phone, email or another form of instant communication.
Whom does it affect?
Any group of companies which, for whatever reason, consider it desirable to stagger financial years or maintain different accounting periods for other reasons.

Colocation requirement for company secretaries

What’s changing?
Private companies’ company secretaries no longer have to be present at the company’s registered address. This makes it easier for companies to outsource their company secretarial services while maintaining their business address as the registered address.
What does the new law say?
No physical presence is required at a company’s registered address as long as there is a way for a visitor to the office to contact a company representative by an instantaneous communication method.

Other changes to the law

ACRA, the Singaporean government body responsible for company registration and administration, has an online summary of the Companies Act changes. There is also a more detailed summary of key changes, which includes information on changes to the financial assistance regime and information shared by nominated directors in addition to some of the changes listed above.

Friday, June 19, 2015

Citigroup (C.N) could move European retail banking operation to Dublin

Citigroup (C.N) is planning to shift the head office of its European retail banking operation to Dublin from London to benefit from lower costs and capital requirements.
This week the bank wrote to clients to say the UK-based business, Citibank International Limited, which operates a small number of branches across some 20 European countries, would be taken over by Dublin-based Citibank Europe Plc.
"From a strategic perspective for Citi, moving to a single pan-European bank is expected to reduce operational and regulatory complexity, capital requirements and cost," the company told clients.
Analysts said UK rules that require banks to hold a higher level of cash in reserve than other European countries do was likely to be a factor behind the move but that they did not expect to see a stream of other banks moving their headquarters from the UK.
A spokeswoman for the bank said the change in the retail bank's legal domicile and principal regulatory base would not involve job cuts and that the leadership of the European retail operation would continue to be based in London.
"The primary reason (for the move) is simplification, mirroring Citi’s strategy of creating a simpler, safer, stronger institution," she said.
Citigroup has been scaling back its retail operations in recent years and remains a small player in Europe.
Citibank International Ltd employed 4,600 people at the end of last year, filings show. Citibank Europe Plc employed 4,300 and currently focuses on providing transaction services to financial services and corporate clients.
The spokeswoman denied that the decision to rebase in Dublin was influenced by the possibility of the UK leaving the European Union following the referendum on EU membership which is due to be held in the next two years.
Also, although Ireland has become a magnet for international financial institutions thanks to its low tax rate, the spokeswoman said the restructuring was not tax driven.
Since the financial crisis regulators have increased the amount of cash and government bonds banks must keep in reserve in case of financial storms.
Higher capital requirements mean less money to lend out or invest and consequently lower returns for a bank.
European Union countries apply the same international rules on capital requirements. However, on top of the basic reserve requirements, regulators require some banks to hold additional capital as a buffer. The amount depends on the regulator's perception of the bank's systemic or business risks.
The UK's banking industry is much larger in terms of its assets as a percentage of national GDP than that of other countries in Europe, which means bank failures could cause bigger economic ripples than elsewhere.
This has led the UK regulator to require banks to set aside more money than other European countries demand, analysts said.
"The UK regulator has typically been at the conservative end in terms of capital requirements," said Gary Greenwood, banks analyst at Shore Capital.
In future, Citigroup will have to set aside the same percentage of its UK assets as it currently does. However, it may no longer be required to set aside a similar percentage of total European assets if the Irish regulator takes a more lenient approach to its UK counterpart.
The Citigroup spokeswoman declined to say how much any reduction in capital requirements might save the bank.

Thursday, June 18, 2015

Trans-Pacific Partnership

OTTAWA -- It's the biggest free trade deal Canadians never heard of.
A new poll suggests three in four Canadians have no idea that Canada is one of 12 countries immersed in negotiations for the Trans-Pacific Partnership.
The poll was conducted by Environics Research Group for Trade Justice Network, an umbrella group dedicated to challenging the secretive process by which international trade deals are generally negotiated.
Fully 75 per cent of respondents said they had never heard of the TPP before being asked about it by the pollster.
The telephone poll of 1,002 Canadians was conducted June 3-12 and is considered accurate within plus or minus 3.2 percentage points, 19 times in 20.
The 12 countries involved in negotiations include the United States, Mexico, Australia, Japan, Chile, Vietnam and Singapore; they represent a market of almost 800 million people and a combined gross domestic product of more than $25 trillion.
The federal government maintains the TPP would enhance trade in the Asia-Pacific region, providing greater economic opportunity for Canadians.
Trade Justice Network spokesman Martin O'Hanlon called it "deeply disturbing" that so few Canadians are aware of the partnership talks.
The network maintains the secret negotiations are being conducted with the guidance of multinational corporations and with no input from labour leaders, environmentalists or even MPs.
"It's frightening that this can happen in a democracy," O'Hanlon said.
Maude Barlow, head of the Council of Canadians, a group that opposes the TPP, said more Canadians need to know about the deal because it affects "our ability to set our own laws, and protect health care, family farms and the environment."
She blamed the government for not informing the public. "Unfortunately, negotiations are being held in secret and there is no public debate."
Max Moncaster, a spokesman for Trade Minister Ed Fast, said the government has consulted widely with the provinces and territories throughout the negotiations.
"Our government was the one that introduced an unprecedented process for putting international treaties before the House of Commons," Moncaster said in a statement.
A former senior adviser to Fast said all trade deals are negotiated behind closed doors.
"Of any big negotiation, whether it's a union negotiation or a labour negotiation, I have yet to see one aired on CPAC or C-Span," said Adam Taylor, an Ottawa trade consultant.
"Critics of the secrecy, specifically, because of their own anti-trade views, they pinpoint that as the criticism."
But New Democrat trade critic Don Davies said that line of argument doesn't cut it because U.S. lawmakers are allowed to view the draft text of the TPP as long as they abide by a strict confidentiality agreement.
Davies said he's been repeatedly rebuffed by the government when he's made similar requests in Canada, including a personal appeal to Fast himself.
"Your average American lawmaker can see the text of the TPP and I, as official Opposition trade critic, can't," said Davies.
"The Conservatives have just taken secrecy to an extreme degree."
Taylor said trade deals are rarely top of mind for average Canadians, and generally only grab the attention of business groups or other parties with a direct interest.
His firm, ENsight, conducted its own online poll of 1,200 Canadians in early June, and found that 40 per cent of respondents did not know which of four major trade agreements was most important to Canada.
The North American Free Trade Agreement was ranked highest at 26 per cent, while the TPP was favoured by 12 per cent of respondents.